A 4-month-old baby undergoes successful surgery for a rare heart condition
A four-month-old baby, born with congenital heart defects, including a hole was operated on by a team of doctors at Sarvodaya Hospital in Faridabad, in a complex surgery that has been able to treat Transposition of the Great Arteries, a rare ailment that causes blockage of blood flow from the right ventricle to the aorta, or variations in the course of the coronary arteries. Since the baby’s condition was serious, doctors said the timely treatment has given him a chance at a healthy life in the future.
Updated Mar 10, 2023 | 02:52 PM IST
The condition causes poor oxygen transportation throughout the body, causing the skin to look blue in colour
Doctors in Faridabad successfully treated a four-month-old baby, suffering from a rare congenital heart condition called Transposition of the Great Arteries or TGA
, along with a hole in his heart.
According to the Sarvodaya hospital
, to save the baby’s life, a team of Pediatric Cardiology
Surgery performed one of the most complex procedures known as the Arterial Switch Operation
, for the first time.
Doctors said the baby had been experiencing symptoms like chronic cold, fever, refusal to breastfeed, recurring pneumonia, bluish discoloration of the skin, and insufficient weight gain since birth because of the anomaly he was born with.
Despite consulting many nearby doctors, his condition showed no improvement.
What is TGA?
According to health experts, TGA is a kind of congenital defect in the heart that children are born with. The condition causes two arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs, and the body to be not connected as they should be.
They are reversed and transposed, causing:
- The aorta is connected to the right ventricle, even when it should normally be connected to the left one
- The pulmonary artery is connected to the left ventricle when it should normally be connected to the right one.
The condition causes poor oxygen transportation throughout the body, causing the skin to look blue in colour. Also, the oxygen-rich blood returns to the lungs instead of going to the body.
Doctors say babies cannot live with this condition for a long time unless they are treated.
How does TGA occur?
Being a birth defect, TGA, health experts say may occur on its own, or can be an additional ailment along with some other heart issue like blockage of blood flow from the right ventricle to the aorta, or variations in the course of the coronary arteries.
Other heart problems such as holes in the walls between the upper and lower chambers of the heart may allow some oxygen-rich blood to be sent to your baby’s body.
A hole in the heart
According to doctors at Sarvodaya hospital, the baby who was operated upon also had a hole in his heart between the right and left ventricles, known as a ventricular septal defect, along with severe Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.
Dr. Ved Prakash, Senior Consultant, Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Sarvodaya Hospital said a complex procedure was conducted for the baby’s heart to function normally.
“In the operation theatre, we put the child on cardio-pulmonary bypass and then medically arrested his heart to perform the Arterial Switch Operation. We cut off the aorta and pulmonary arteries just above the point where they left the heart and reconnected them to the proper ventricle. So, what was once the pulmonary valve became the aortic valve, and the aortic valve became the pulmonary valve,” he said.
The baby’s father was relieved after the complex surgery.
"We were unable to comprehend what was wrong with our son and were unaware of the severity of his medical condition. Thanks to the medical professionals, our child has been given a new chance at life, and we are deeply appreciative of their efforts," he said.
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